Nepal is 885 km (533 miles) long and 90-220 km (60-137 miles) wide with a total area of 147,181 sq. km. Here you find the eight highest mountains of the world including world famous Mount Everest (29,028 ft). Entirely mountainous except for the narrow strip of low-lying plains known as the Terai, its climate ranges from the tropical heat of the Terai to alpine, arctic and even Mediterranean.
Nepalese culture is a tossed salad of mountain peoples and customs, blending Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burmese and Mongolian elements in a colorful ethnic mix. It continues to grapple with keeping its heritage architecture, art and culture intact in the face of unbridled development. The economic structure of the Nepalese economy is mixed, with agriculture as the backbone.
Eighty percent of the country’s total production is dependent on the agriculture sector, which contributes more than 40% to Nepal’s GDP. While Nepal has some of the most fertile land in the world, this land makes up only 17% of Nepal’s total area. The gross domestic product of Nepal fluctuates between 2 to 3.9 %. The average per capital income is US $ 220.
While many children here live in poverty, they are much more fortunate than the orphans and homeless children who live on the streets.
A UN report states that there are over 5000 orphans in Nepal it is also noted that more than 4000 children have been displaced and over 3500 orphaned due to the violent political conflict in this country. The current political situation has made everyday life a struggle; prices have risen from countrywide blockades, tourism is down, and many young adults have fled the country or been injured or killed as a result of the political tensions.
The orphans and street children of Nepal, marginalized by society, are vulnerable to various abuses: they are bought into indentured servitude, sold into the sex trade industry etc. More often than not they are also introduced to the street life culture of drugs and crime.
One long-term goal of Himalaya Mt. Everest Tower ‘HIMET’ is to effect economic changes by means of raising qualified and well-informed men and women.
Nepal, a sovereign Independent lies between 80 degree 12′ east longitude and 26 degree 22′ and 30 degree 27′ north latitude.
Nepal’s climate varies with its topography and altitude. It ranges from the tropical to the arctic.
The low-land Terai region with its maximum altitude to approximately 305m, which lies in the tropical southern part of the country, for instance, has a hot and humid climate that can rise above 45 Degree Celsius (113 Degree Fahrenheit) during summer.
The mid-land regions are pleasant almost all the year round, although winter nights are cool. The northern mountain region, around an altitude above 3,300m has an alpine climate with considerably lower temperature in winter as can be expected.
SEASON: Nepal has four climatic seasons
Spring (between March – May): The temperature is mildly warm in low lands while moderate in higher altitudes with plenty of opportunities to have tryst with the mountain views. It is also the time for flowers to blossom and the national flower of Nepal – rhododendron sweeps the ascending altitudes with its magnanimous color and beauty.
Summer (between June – August): This is also the monsoon season in Nepal. The weather is hot and wet at times. It rains almost everyday with occasional thunderstorms in the evening. The rain spreads the pleasantness around with lush green vegetation.
Autumn (between September – November):
This is the best tourist season in Nepal with the summer gone by and the winter to set in. The weather is highly pleasant so are the mountain views. This is the peak season for trekking as mountain views are guaranteed so better book your flight in advance.
This is also the season of festivities as Nepal celebrates the biggest Hindu festivals Dashain followed by Tihar.
Winter (between December – February): The weather is cool and the sky is clear with occasional snowfalls at higher elevations. This season is good for trekking in lower elevations. The morning and night is cold and the days are warm when sunny.
Temperature & rainfall
Nepal is the country of extremes. The low-land plains of the Terai can have tropical temperatures and also the mosquitoes. The Himalayas can get to sub-zero temperatures, but the sun blaze can bring some warmth during the day, even in the mountains. The temperature of Kathmandu goes below 1 Degree Celsius (34 Degree Fahrenheit) in winter and rises to an average of 25 Degree Celsius (77 Degree Fahrenheit) in summer.
The average temperature in Kathmandu during the four seasons:
* Spring season ranges between 16-23 Degree Celsius (61-73 Degree Fahrenheit)
* Summer season ranges between 23-25 Degree Celsius (73-77 Degree Fahrenheit)
* Autumn season ranges between 15-24 Degree Celsius (59-75 Degree Fahrenheit)
* Winter season ranges between 9-12 Degree Celsius (48-54 Degree Fahrenheit)
During the rainy monsoon season between June to August, it rains to an average between 200-375 millimeters in Kathmandu. There is occasional rainfall during the other seasons too. In an average, 1300 millimeters of rain falls in Kathmandu every year.
Travel to Cause Tips:
Monsoon in Nepal is not the typical monsoon of Asia. Rains usually occur during the night-time leaving the sky clean and clear by the morning making the Himalayan view even more dramatic. Some parts of the Himalayas in Manang, Mustang and Dolpo are in rain-shadow areas; the mountains are high enough to block the clouds. Tibet’s high travel season also corresponds to Nepal’s monsoon.